Study of diffusion processes in pumpkin particles during candied fruits production

V. Atamanyuk, I. Huzova, Z. Gnativ


The production of candied fruits is a priority development area of the food industry. The basic process in candied fruits production is diffusion of sugar syrup into vegetable raw material. Kinetics of the diffusion processes depends on sucrose concentration, medium temperature, particles size and internal structure of the fruits.

The experiments to determine the factors influencing the diffusion processes were carried out using the installation designed by the authors; the experimental dependences of sucrose concentration change in pumpkin candied fruits on time have been determined at temperatures of 20, 40, 60 and 80°C. Cell sizes and diameter of pores between the cells in raw and blanched pumpkin have been determined. This makes it possible to determine the internal porosity of the pumpkin particle, the value of which determines the coefficient of mass transfer.

On the basis of the experiments we derived the dependence, allowing to determine the mass transfer coefficients for sucrose molecules in blanched pumpkin fruits within the temperatures corresponding to the quality of the finished product. The experimental studies and the chosen mathematical model allow us to calculate the change in sucrose concentration in the pumpkin fruits in time at different temperatures and to determine the time required for the candied fruits to reach the equilibrium concentration. Also, the coefficients not depending on temperature, but depending only on the shape of the particles being saturated with sugar syrup, have been determined using the kinetic model of diffusion processes. The obtained theoretical dependences are in good agreement with the experimental data and substantiate the expediency of the chosen temperature and concentration ranges. The designed installation, the obtained experimental and theoretical dependences, and the calculated coefficients allow to create an intensive sucrose diffusion process in pumpkin particles during pumpkin candied fruits production.

Ключові слова

diffusion; temperature; internal surface; pumpkin fruit; sucrose; kinetics; mass transfer coefficient

Повний текст:



Giraldo G, Vázquez R, Martín-Esparza M, Chiralt A. Rehydration kinetics and soluble solids lixiviation of candied mango fruit as affected by sucrose concentration. Journal of Food Engineering. 2006;77(4):825-834. DOI.10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.08.009

Nepochatykh T. Deyaki teoretychni ta praktychni pidkhody do vyrobnytstva tsukativ na osnovi roslynnoyi syrovyny. Zhurnal «Traektoryya nauky». 2016;1(30):21-28.

Witczak T, Witczak M, Socha R, Stepień A, Grzesik M. Candied Orange Peel Produced in Solutions with Various Sugar Compositions: Sugar Composition and Sorption Properties of the Product. Journal of Food Process Engineering. 2016;40(2):1234-1239. DOI: 10.1111/jfpe.12367.

Baccus-Taylor G, Frederick P, Akingbala J. Studies on pomerac (syzygium malaccense) candied fruit slices. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 806: International Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security, Nutrition, Income and Sustainable Development. 2016;:293-300.

Belenkaya I, Golinskaya Y. Technological aspects of production of the candied fruits from non-traditional raw material. Food science and technology. 2016;10(2):50-57. DOI

Buntaran W, Parama Astirin, O, Mahajoeno E. Effect of various sugar solution concentrations on characteristics of dried candy tomato (lycopersicum esculentum). Bioscience. 2010;2(2):55-61. DOI: 10.13057/nusbiosci/n020201.

Abraão A, Lemos A, Vilela A, Sousa J, Nunes F. Influence of osmotic dehydration process parameters on the quality of candied pumpkins. Food and Bioproducts Processing. 2013;91(4):481-494. DOI:

Gorelova L, Malyisheva V, Kvasenkov O. Sposob proizvodstva tsukatov. Russia; 2092075, 1997.

Gumnitskii Ya, Lyuta O. Molecular Diffusion Mass Transfer of Substance in Soil Medium. Teoreticheskie Osnovy Khimicheskoi Tekhnologii. 2014; 48(4): 444–450. DOI

Petrushka M, Gumnitskii Ya.M, and Malovanyi MS. External Diffusion Kinetics of the Adsorption of Anionic Red 8C Dye on Glauconite. Teoreticheskie Osnovy Khimicheskoi Tekhnologii. 2013; 47(2): 191–195. DOI: 10.1134/S004057951206019X

Symak D, Gumnitsky Ya, Atamaniuk V, Nagurskyy O. Investigation of physical dissolution of benzoic acid polydisperse mixture. Chemistry&Chemical technology. 2017; 11(4): 469 – 474.



  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.